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 أسئلة MCQ طب المجتمع

اذهب الى الأسفل 
كاتب الموضوعرسالة
عميد كلية الطب
 عميد كلية الطب

عدد الرسائل : 122
العمر : 29
البلد : Egypt
مجال الدراسه : Medicine
تاريخ التسجيل : 29/12/2007

مُساهمةموضوع: أسئلة MCQ طب المجتمع   الخميس 3 يوليو 2008 - 3:19

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم,,

Model M.C.Q for fourth year community medicine with answers:

1 - Put ( T ) in front of true. statements and ( F ) in front of the false ones:

1- Plant proteins are biologically complete ( F )
2- Cereal proteins are rich in both Lyciene and Thrconine. ( F)
3- A combined mixture of cereals and pulses is closer to reference protein ( T )
4- Proteins are important as blood clotting factor and in formation of visual pigments ( T )
5- All enzymes are protein in nature (T)
6- Proteins lead to formation of glucose and energy ( T )
7- Negative protein balance occurs when protein intake exceeds protein output( F )
8- Milk and meat proteins arc considered as reference proteins ( F )
9- Infants and young children need 1.5 - 2.0 gm/Kg .... (T)
10- glycogen is an animal from of starch stored in liver (T)
11- Fructose is metabolised to glucose and may be converted to glycogen or fat ( T )
12- All forms of dietary fibres come form plants ( T )
13- Dietary fibres are present in all plants and are digested nily in the intestines( F )
14- Sugars can spare proteins from use as energy as well as prevent ketosis ( T )
15- Dietary fibres are helpful in slowing glucose absorption( T )
16- Type 1 diabetes requires insulin therapy whereas in Type II diabetes the focus is more on did conlrol and exercise ( T )
17- Diet should be high in complex carbohydrates rather than fat ( T )
I8- Simple sugars added to food should provide no more than 10% of total energy ( F )
19- Many foods that are low in suger produce a high glycaemic index ( F )
20- Fruits and vegetables have a low glycemic index ( T )
21- Typically, food is of higher fibre diet with low fluids ( F )
22- Adipose cells can expand abou: 50 times and the body can not form new adipose cells ( F )
23- Cholesterol forms a part ofcor icosteroids, oestrogen, and testoslerone ( T )
24- Cholesterol has a critical role in liver, heart, and brain ( T )
25- Trans fatty acids are a hazardo is form of SFA and predispose to cardiovascular diseases (F)
26- TfA'S increase LDL and decrease HDL and cholesterol ( T )
27- Type 2 diabetes is due to enlarged fat cells, poorly bind and poorly responding to insulin message to the cell ( T )
28-Metabolism of carbohydrate, fat and protein gives energy ( T )
29- Calories given by combustion of 1.0 gm CHO or protein gives 4 Calories while that of ( T )
1.0 gm fat gives 9 Calories
30- Energy expenditure is that required for non-occupational daily activities (T)
31- After the age of 40 years energy requirement should be reduced by 20 % until the age of 60 years ( F )
32- A, B, D, E, and K are fat soluble vitamins that are stored mainly in the liver and fatty tissues (F )

33- Large doses of supplementation with vitamin A, and D, are toxic to the body( T )
34- Vitamin A is responsible for healthy epithelium especially in the respiratory and urinary tracts ( T )
35- Vitamin A is necessary for formation of visual purple which is needed for vision in high intensity light ( F )
36-Carotenes are found in pigments of most vegetables and fruits ( T )
37- In vitamin A deficiency the cornea may be involved ( T )
38- excessive intake of Vitamin A leads to carotinaemla ( T )
39- Vitamin A deficiency is of public health importance alTecling
preschool and school children as well as their mothers (T )
40- Vitamin A programme should be a scpai-alc programme which is concerned with health in order to achieve the expected prevention ( F )
41- The Bio-availability of vitamin A should be increased with low fat content diet ( F )
42- There is an interaction between iron and vitamin A ( T )
43- Vitamin A fortification can be done for sugar, diary products, fats and wheat flour ( T )
44- Supplementation of mothers within a month of delivery with 400 l.U. vitamin A single dose is important (F )
45- Prophylactic vitamin A 100 l.U. in the 9th month and 200 l.U. in the 18th month ( F )
46- Vitamin D is the natural form of vitamin D produced by irradiation ofdchydro-cholesterol of the skin on exposure to the sun ( T )
47- White skin are liable to vitamin D deficiency ( F )
48- Vitamin D deficiency may lead to osteoporosis or osteomalacia ( T )
49- Vitamin E is an antioxidant which reduces the risk of cancer ( T )
50- Vitamin E is not affected by storing or cooking (F )
51- Vitamin K is required for synthesis ofprothrombin in the liver and is incorporated in its molecule ( F )
52- Vitamin K deficiency occurs in impaired fat absorption as in biliary dysfunction ( T )
53- Thiamine deficiency leads to peripheral neuritis, myocarditis and encephalopathy ( T )
54- Vitamin B2 is rich in milk, liver, and growing leafy vegetables ( T )
55- Vitamin B1 is synthesised by bacteria in the large intestine ( F )
56- Vitamin B1 and niacin is essential in CHO and brain metabolism ( F )
57- Vitamin B2 deficiency loads to angular stomatitis, cheilosis, and burning sensation of the eye ( T )

58- folic acid is important for deyclopment of red blood cells in the bone marrow ( T )
59- folic acid deficiency leads to appearance of megaloblasts in blood ( T )
60- Folic acid and vitamin B12 are essential for DNA formation ( T )
61- Vitamin B12 deficiency occuis when the extrinsic factor is lacking as in gastrectomy ( T )
62- Ascorbic acid is rapidly destroyed by oxidation and high temperature ( T )
63- Vitamin C is important for folate coenzyme and absorption of iron ( T )
64- Vitamin C deficiency leads to haemorrhage and delayed wound healing ( T )
65- Sodium is essential in regulation ofncuromuscular i r r itabilily ( F )
66- Most of the phosphate in the body is present in bone ( T )
67- Absorption of calcium is increased by oxalate and decreased by cholecalciferol ( F )

68- Dried fruits are rich in calcium and iron ( T )
69- Hypervitaminosis D may lead to hypercalcaemia ( T )

70- The body of an adult contains 3 - 4 gm iron ( T )
71- Selenium helps in immune system and has an antioxidant role ( T )
72- Copper contributes lo thyroid hormone metabolism ( F )
73- Some green leaves are a good iodine source ( T )
74- Fish, cheese and tea are rich sources of fluorine ( T )
75- Ingestion of large amounts fluorine leads to dental and skeletal fluorosis ( T )
76- Fluoride levels below 50 mg/litre lead to dental carries ( F )
77- Cigarette smoking and environmental pollution lead to increase free radicals in body ( T )
78- Selenium, zinc, and copper control the enzymatic defence against free radicals ( T )
79- Dietary Vitamin E, C, and B ; reduce the damaging capacity of free radicals ( T )
80- Some foods contain anti-oxid mt substances e.g. Soya beans, green tea, fruits, olives, and onion ( T )
81- Oxidative stress is an imbalarce between pro-oxidants, and antioxidants ( T )
82- Vitamin C is the most import, int antioxidant in intracellular fluid ( F )
83- Vitamin E, the water soluble vitamin, is the major antioxidant in all cell membranes ( F )
84- there is syneigistic effect between vitamin E and C as well as vitamin E and selenium ( T )
85- Antioxidants may lead to regicssion ofpre-malignant lesions or inhibit progression of malignancy ( T )

86- Antioxidants inhibit transformation of HDL to the oxidized form and so reduce cardiac arrhythmia ( T )
87- Onion, garlic, red, orange, and yellow fruits and vegetables may reduce cariccr or cardiac disease ( T )
88- Vitamin A and carotene cross the placenta and if deficient intake they have a
teratogenic effect ( F )
89- Excessive amount of vitamin D during pregnancy is important for both mothers and babies (F)
90- Extra amount of 10 mg vitamin C is recommended for pregnent women to guard aganist pre-eclampsia ( T )
91- The foetus requires most of its calcium in the first trimester when skeletal growth is maximised ( F )
92- Iodine deficiency in pregnancy can lead to cretinism and delayed cognitive function in the new born ( T )
93- Maternal iron deficiency usually does not result in an anaemic infant at birth ( T )
94- Iron is a nutrient for which requirement can be met by diet alone ( F )
95- Colostrum has a relatively high carotene, more protein, sugar, and fat content ( F )
96- Transitional milk occurs between 3rd and 6th day ( T )
97- Protein content of milk, lactose and fat are firmly established by the end of the 3rd month ( F )
98- Exclusive breast feeding allows giving the baby different types of fluids only after the second month ( F )
99- Milk contains anti-staphylococcus factor which inhibits systemic staphylococcal infection ( T )
100- Milk contains laclofcrrin which inhibits iron leading lo its decreased amount ( F )
101- Weaning starts from the 2nd to 6th month, with supplementary feeding, that is small in amount and gradual ( F )
102- At the age of one year,the child should receive solid food consisting of pulses, vegetables, fruits, chicken and milk ( T )

الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
عميد كلية الطب
 عميد كلية الطب

عدد الرسائل : 122
العمر : 29
البلد : Egypt
مجال الدراسه : Medicine
تاريخ التسجيل : 29/12/2007

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: أسئلة MCQ طب المجتمع   الخميس 3 يوليو 2008 - 3:19

II - Choose one answer only:

II - Choose one answer only:
Artificial feeding of infants and pre-school children include all
but one false answer (answer:a)

a- Dried milk is safer than fresh milk, but it is not adapted to
simulate human
b- Buffalo and cow milk are cheaper, more available, but should be
fresh, safe
and from a safe source.
c- Hypocalcaemia may occur with the risk ofletany if excessivc dilution of milk occurs.

d- Iron should be supplemented by the 5th month in the form of green
e- Protein is given in the form of egg yolk, minced chicken, and liver.

Ill - One of the following is false: (answer:a)
a- Deficient protein and energy in school age leads to marasmus and kwashiorkor
b- Vitamin A deficiency and B12
c- Dental carries is predisposed by hygienic lifestyle.
d- Goitre
e- Impaired growth occurs in chronic deficiencies.

IV - The following is correct about diet in the elderly,
Except: (answer:d)
a- Adequate intake of protein, calcium and iron.
b- Supplementation by vitamins and minerals.
c- Low intake of salts saturated fats, and refined sugars.
d- Extra amounts of ceirtain diet e.g. eggs, full cream milk, and cheese.
e- Psychological and medical care.

جزا الله من قام بكتابتها عنا خير الجزاء وجعلها فى ميزان حسناته,,
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
أسئلة MCQ طب المجتمع
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة 
صفحة 1 من اصل 1

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