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 أسئلة MCQ طب المجتمع

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كاتب الموضوعرسالة
nour_aleslam
عميد كلية الطب
 عميد كلية الطب
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عدد الرسائل : 122
العمر : 29
البلد : Egypt
مجال الدراسه : Medicine
تاريخ التسجيل : 29/12/2007

مُساهمةموضوع: أسئلة MCQ طب المجتمع   الخميس 3 يوليو 2008 - 3:19

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم,,

Model M.C.Q for fourth year community medicine with answers:


1 - Put ( T ) in front of true. statements and ( F ) in front of the false ones:



1- Plant proteins are biologically complete ( F )
2- Cereal proteins are rich in both Lyciene and Thrconine. ( F)
3- A combined mixture of cereals and pulses is closer to reference protein ( T )
4- Proteins are important as blood clotting factor and in formation of visual pigments ( T )
5- All enzymes are protein in nature (T)
6- Proteins lead to formation of glucose and energy ( T )
7- Negative protein balance occurs when protein intake exceeds protein output( F )
8- Milk and meat proteins arc considered as reference proteins ( F )
9- Infants and young children need 1.5 - 2.0 gm/Kg .... (T)
10- glycogen is an animal from of starch stored in liver (T)
11- Fructose is metabolised to glucose and may be converted to glycogen or fat ( T )
12- All forms of dietary fibres come form plants ( T )
13- Dietary fibres are present in all plants and are digested nily in the intestines( F )
14- Sugars can spare proteins from use as energy as well as prevent ketosis ( T )
15- Dietary fibres are helpful in slowing glucose absorption( T )
16- Type 1 diabetes requires insulin therapy whereas in Type II diabetes the focus is more on did conlrol and exercise ( T )
17- Diet should be high in complex carbohydrates rather than fat ( T )
I8- Simple sugars added to food should provide no more than 10% of total energy ( F )
19- Many foods that are low in suger produce a high glycaemic index ( F )
20- Fruits and vegetables have a low glycemic index ( T )
21- Typically, food is of higher fibre diet with low fluids ( F )
22- Adipose cells can expand abou: 50 times and the body can not form new adipose cells ( F )
23- Cholesterol forms a part ofcor icosteroids, oestrogen, and testoslerone ( T )
24- Cholesterol has a critical role in liver, heart, and brain ( T )
25- Trans fatty acids are a hazardo is form of SFA and predispose to cardiovascular diseases (F)
26- TfA'S increase LDL and decrease HDL and cholesterol ( T )
27- Type 2 diabetes is due to enlarged fat cells, poorly bind and poorly responding to insulin message to the cell ( T )
28-Metabolism of carbohydrate, fat and protein gives energy ( T )
29- Calories given by combustion of 1.0 gm CHO or protein gives 4 Calories while that of ( T )
1.0 gm fat gives 9 Calories
30- Energy expenditure is that required for non-occupational daily activities (T)
31- After the age of 40 years energy requirement should be reduced by 20 % until the age of 60 years ( F )
32- A, B, D, E, and K are fat soluble vitamins that are stored mainly in the liver and fatty tissues (F )

33- Large doses of supplementation with vitamin A, and D, are toxic to the body( T )
34- Vitamin A is responsible for healthy epithelium especially in the respiratory and urinary tracts ( T )
35- Vitamin A is necessary for formation of visual purple which is needed for vision in high intensity light ( F )
36-Carotenes are found in pigments of most vegetables and fruits ( T )
37- In vitamin A deficiency the cornea may be involved ( T )
38- excessive intake of Vitamin A leads to carotinaemla ( T )
39- Vitamin A deficiency is of public health importance alTecling
preschool and school children as well as their mothers (T )
40- Vitamin A programme should be a scpai-alc programme which is concerned with health in order to achieve the expected prevention ( F )
41- The Bio-availability of vitamin A should be increased with low fat content diet ( F )
42- There is an interaction between iron and vitamin A ( T )
43- Vitamin A fortification can be done for sugar, diary products, fats and wheat flour ( T )
44- Supplementation of mothers within a month of delivery with 400 l.U. vitamin A single dose is important (F )
45- Prophylactic vitamin A 100 l.U. in the 9th month and 200 l.U. in the 18th month ( F )
46- Vitamin D is the natural form of vitamin D produced by irradiation ofdchydro-cholesterol of the skin on exposure to the sun ( T )
47- White skin are liable to vitamin D deficiency ( F )
48- Vitamin D deficiency may lead to osteoporosis or osteomalacia ( T )
49- Vitamin E is an antioxidant which reduces the risk of cancer ( T )
50- Vitamin E is not affected by storing or cooking (F )
51- Vitamin K is required for synthesis ofprothrombin in the liver and is incorporated in its molecule ( F )
52- Vitamin K deficiency occurs in impaired fat absorption as in biliary dysfunction ( T )
53- Thiamine deficiency leads to peripheral neuritis, myocarditis and encephalopathy ( T )
54- Vitamin B2 is rich in milk, liver, and growing leafy vegetables ( T )
55- Vitamin B1 is synthesised by bacteria in the large intestine ( F )
56- Vitamin B1 and niacin is essential in CHO and brain metabolism ( F )
57- Vitamin B2 deficiency loads to angular stomatitis, cheilosis, and burning sensation of the eye ( T )

58- folic acid is important for deyclopment of red blood cells in the bone marrow ( T )
59- folic acid deficiency leads to appearance of megaloblasts in blood ( T )
60- Folic acid and vitamin B12 are essential for DNA formation ( T )
61- Vitamin B12 deficiency occuis when the extrinsic factor is lacking as in gastrectomy ( T )
62- Ascorbic acid is rapidly destroyed by oxidation and high temperature ( T )
63- Vitamin C is important for folate coenzyme and absorption of iron ( T )
64- Vitamin C deficiency leads to haemorrhage and delayed wound healing ( T )
65- Sodium is essential in regulation ofncuromuscular i r r itabilily ( F )
66- Most of the phosphate in the body is present in bone ( T )
67- Absorption of calcium is increased by oxalate and decreased by cholecalciferol ( F )

68- Dried fruits are rich in calcium and iron ( T )
69- Hypervitaminosis D may lead to hypercalcaemia ( T )

70- The body of an adult contains 3 - 4 gm iron ( T )
71- Selenium helps in immune system and has an antioxidant role ( T )
72- Copper contributes lo thyroid hormone metabolism ( F )
73- Some green leaves are a good iodine source ( T )
74- Fish, cheese and tea are rich sources of fluorine ( T )
75- Ingestion of large amounts fluorine leads to dental and skeletal fluorosis ( T )
76- Fluoride levels below 50 mg/litre lead to dental carries ( F )
77- Cigarette smoking and environmental pollution lead to increase free radicals in body ( T )
78- Selenium, zinc, and copper control the enzymatic defence against free radicals ( T )
79- Dietary Vitamin E, C, and B ; reduce the damaging capacity of free radicals ( T )
80- Some foods contain anti-oxid mt substances e.g. Soya beans, green tea, fruits, olives, and onion ( T )
81- Oxidative stress is an imbalarce between pro-oxidants, and antioxidants ( T )
82- Vitamin C is the most import, int antioxidant in intracellular fluid ( F )
83- Vitamin E, the water soluble vitamin, is the major antioxidant in all cell membranes ( F )
84- there is syneigistic effect between vitamin E and C as well as vitamin E and selenium ( T )
85- Antioxidants may lead to regicssion ofpre-malignant lesions or inhibit progression of malignancy ( T )

86- Antioxidants inhibit transformation of HDL to the oxidized form and so reduce cardiac arrhythmia ( T )
87- Onion, garlic, red, orange, and yellow fruits and vegetables may reduce cariccr or cardiac disease ( T )
88- Vitamin A and carotene cross the placenta and if deficient intake they have a
teratogenic effect ( F )
89- Excessive amount of vitamin D during pregnancy is important for both mothers and babies (F)
90- Extra amount of 10 mg vitamin C is recommended for pregnent women to guard aganist pre-eclampsia ( T )
91- The foetus requires most of its calcium in the first trimester when skeletal growth is maximised ( F )
92- Iodine deficiency in pregnancy can lead to cretinism and delayed cognitive function in the new born ( T )
93- Maternal iron deficiency usually does not result in an anaemic infant at birth ( T )
94- Iron is a nutrient for which requirement can be met by diet alone ( F )
95- Colostrum has a relatively high carotene, more protein, sugar, and fat content ( F )
96- Transitional milk occurs between 3rd and 6th day ( T )
97- Protein content of milk, lactose and fat are firmly established by the end of the 3rd month ( F )
98- Exclusive breast feeding allows giving the baby different types of fluids only after the second month ( F )
99- Milk contains anti-staphylococcus factor which inhibits systemic staphylococcal infection ( T )
100- Milk contains laclofcrrin which inhibits iron leading lo its decreased amount ( F )
101- Weaning starts from the 2nd to 6th month, with supplementary feeding, that is small in amount and gradual ( F )
102- At the age of one year,the child should receive solid food consisting of pulses, vegetables, fruits, chicken and milk ( T )


_________________
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
nour_aleslam
عميد كلية الطب
 عميد كلية الطب
avatar

عدد الرسائل : 122
العمر : 29
البلد : Egypt
مجال الدراسه : Medicine
تاريخ التسجيل : 29/12/2007

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: أسئلة MCQ طب المجتمع   الخميس 3 يوليو 2008 - 3:19

II - Choose one answer only:


II - Choose one answer only:
Artificial feeding of infants and pre-school children include all
but one false answer (answer:a)

a- Dried milk is safer than fresh milk, but it is not adapted to
simulate human
milk.
b- Buffalo and cow milk are cheaper, more available, but should be
fresh, safe
and from a safe source.
c- Hypocalcaemia may occur with the risk ofletany if excessivc dilution of milk occurs.

d- Iron should be supplemented by the 5th month in the form of green
vegetable
soup.
e- Protein is given in the form of egg yolk, minced chicken, and liver.


Ill - One of the following is false: (answer:a)
-----------------------------------------
a- Deficient protein and energy in school age leads to marasmus and kwashiorkor
b- Vitamin A deficiency and B12
c- Dental carries is predisposed by hygienic lifestyle.
d- Goitre
e- Impaired growth occurs in chronic deficiencies.

IV - The following is correct about diet in the elderly,
Except: (answer:d)
------------------------------------------------------------
-----
a- Adequate intake of protein, calcium and iron.
b- Supplementation by vitamins and minerals.
c- Low intake of salts saturated fats, and refined sugars.
d- Extra amounts of ceirtain diet e.g. eggs, full cream milk, and cheese.
e- Psychological and medical care.



جزا الله من قام بكتابتها عنا خير الجزاء وجعلها فى ميزان حسناته,,
_________________
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أسئلة MCQ طب المجتمع
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